This liquid is the closest thing we have to pure alcohol.
The 99% isopropyl alcohol is commonly utilized in situations where low concentration alcohol would prove to be ineffective. We can use this chemical compound in numerous ways, but most people use it to clean their electronics, disinfect households and business spaces, and remove oils.
Nowadays, the US is the largest consumer of 99% isopropyl alcohol. Needless to say, you can find this product anywhere in the world. In the following years, experts predict that the consumption of 99% isopropyl alcohol will increase in regions such as Africa, Middle East, and India.
While most people praise this substance for its cleaning and disinfecting properties, it can also be utilized for the creation of other products and, in particular, liquids. You can use 99% isopropyl alcohol to create various inks, cleaners, paint thinners, windshield thawing products, and disinfecting items. The product has a very high purity grade.
How do we use 99% isopropyl alcohol?
Here are some of the best ways to use this substance:
What are the main advantages of 99% isopropyl alcohol?
As already indicated, 99% isopropyl alcohol's main advantage lies in its purity. The substance is a really strong disinfectant making it ideal for medical facilities. You can also use it in your household to wash the bathroom or kitchen. The chemical evaporates rather quickly, leaving no trace behind. Lastly, it can be great for nasty spills and, in particular, for cleaning the stove. You can use it to clean grease and other sticky residues. This can be great if you love to tinker with your car and other machines.
Besides the home application, companies use 99% isopropyl alcohol on a large scale. Like with homes, you can use the product in various manners. It is especially popular within the manufacturing industry. Nowadays, companies are able to create high-grade 99% isopropyl alcohol, which is much more superior than its predecessors.
The biggest issue with this product is its storage. Given its high concentration, 99% isopropyl alcohol is highly flammable and can cause dizziness. So, if you're using it in higher quantities, make sure that the space is properly ventilated and that you can subdue a fire if it occurs. Needless to say, you shouldn't drink 99% isopropyl alcohol. Make sure that it doesn’t touch your eyes or skin.
What is the difference between 70% and 99% isopropyl alcohol?
Besides 99% concentration, we also have 70% isopropyl alcohol. As already mentioned, the product with higher concentration is much more potent, more volatile, and provides better results.
Isopropyl alcohol that has a concentration of 60% to 90% is especially great for microbes. While 99% alcohol can also be used for this particular purpose, it isn't as effective as lower concentrations. This is because you need more water within the mixture to achieve higher effectiveness.
Water is a catalyst in denaturing proteins of microbes' cells. Unlike the highest concentrations, 70% isopropyl alcohol is able to properly breach their cells and eliminate them.
Higher water concentration slows down evaporation and increases the time substance remains on the surface. Anything that has more than 90% concentration will need more time to act and will not eliminate as much as microbes.
So, lower concentration products are definitely better for disinfection, although higher concentration substances can also work to an extent. Keep in mind that lower concentration products are also cheaper, which is another thing you need to consider.
On the other hand, 99% isopropyl alcohol is one of the best substances for cleaning. As we've mentioned, it is especially great for industries that deal with water-sensitive products and machinery. Hydrophobic products are particularly good for these purposes, as they have low flash points making them evaporate rather quickly.
If your company is working with microchips and other sensitive electronics, you should always use 99% isopropyl alcohol instead of its lower concentration counterparts. Most of these companies have to react quickly to spills, thus avoiding contamination.
They also need products that will leave no traces after application. The 99% isopropyl alcohol is great at both of these. Furthermore, the chemical compound doesn't cause corrosion, and it much more consistent.
Lastly, we need to mention that 99% isopropyl alcohol is safe for the ozone and doesn’t leave a strong carbon footprint as some other products from this category.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is it Safe to Dilute Isopropyl Alcohol?
Yes, it is. You can dilute the solvent to the correct percentage for your operations. For example, many vendors prefer to cut 99% alcohol to 70% for disinfection. But note that the IPA is still poisonous, so don't ingest it as you would the ethanol in whiskey, gin, or vodka.
You can also combine IPA with other ingredients to make lacquers, varnishes, and resins with chloroform. This substance is a product of mixing isopropyl alcohol with chlorinated solvents such as bleach. Again, handle this product carefully, as it's a health hazard.
Does Isopropyl Alcohol Kill Coronavirus?
Yes, it does. The CDC confirms that ethyl and isopropyl alcohol can kill the COVID-19 virus in about 30 seconds. This effect is because the micro-organism has a lipid membrane that IPA helps dissolve.
Use about 75% IPA for the best sanitization effects. The 25% water fosters longer IPA adherence to the virus, thus causing denaturation of the membrane proteins. Therefore, you control the coronavirus because it can't reproduce and infect other people.
Are Hand Sanitizers with Isopropyl Alcohol as Effective as Ethyl Alcohol?
Isopropyl alcohol and ethanol have slight differences in their effectiveness. For example, you can use ethyl alcohol for most viruses like Hepatitis A and Poliovirus, while IPA is only effective for enveloped viruses such as COVID-19.
Still, you'll prevent the spread of most viral infections by using 62-80% IPA or ethyl alcohol. Both products are potent disinfectants. Consult a health expert before use.
Is Isopropyl Alcohol Effective Against Mold?
Yes, but you won't eradicate the fungal spores. Therefore, the mold may recur, and you'll still have trouble controlling it.
So, what's the long-lasting solution? Removing the moisture and humidity that fosters fungal growth would be best. Or you can opt to use bleach or hydrogen peroxide.
Is 70% or 99% Isopropyl Alcohol Better for Cleaning Screen Printing Frames?
99% IPA is a better solvent for cleaning screen printing frames. This alcohol percentage is perfect for removing ink stains, oils, grimes, and grease from the stencils. Besides, a higher IPA percentage contains less water; hence, it dries faster and leaves your item in a pristine condition.
You can also buy stencil wipes, making it easier to clean your frame. These pre-saturated wipes provide enough rubbing alcohol without causing offensive odors or excess spillage. In addition, good swabs are durable against wear and tear and don't shed particles.
What is the Best Alcohol for Removing Dirt, Grit, or Grime?
99% isopropyl alcohol is ideal for removing dirt, grit, grime, and cleaning dust particles. This product is perfect because it has the least amount of water and evaporates first. Therefore, you would get the clean surface you wanted without forming sticky mud.
But, you would prefer the 70% IPA if you also want to disinfect the surface.
Can You Use Isopropyl Alcohol for Botanical Extraction?
Yes, you can! Like its cousin ethyl alcohol, IPA will help you extract potent oil from plants. Thus, your products will have a high concentration of alkaloids, phenols, and essential oils, which provide natural skin healing capabilities. So, use 99% isopropyl alcohol for your extraction needs.
Can I Disinfect My Body with Isopropyl Alcohol?
Use isopropyl alcohol to clean minor wounds such as tick bites, eliminate skin odors, or disinfect ear piercings. However, avoid using IPA to treat skin conditions like acne because the solvent will dry your skin. You don't want to worsen your skin appearance.
Also, avoid adding rubbing alcohol to your bath water as it induces systemic toxicity. And inhalation of the substance causes headache, dizziness, loss of consciousness, etc.
Does Isopropyl Alcohol Require A Hazardous Shipping Charge?
Yes, it does. Isopropyl alcohol is a category two flammable liquid, which increases the risk of its transportation. So, your supplier might charge you more for shipping this solvent. And a good company will also guide you through proper regulations during storage.
What is the Shelf Life of Isopropyl Alcohol?
Isopropyl alcohol can last for approximately three years under ideal storage conditions. So, storing the solvent in metallic gallons would be best to prevent leaks and light degradation. Also, you would have to seal your container tightly to prevent fast evaporation and product dilution.
Can I use Expired Isopropyl Alcohol?
If you bought it three years ago, you would have to test your product for its effectiveness. However, IPA is stable and lasts long, provided you supply the proper storage environment. Therefore, consult a quality assurance company to guarantee whether your IPA is still powerful.
Or you can consider buying the solvent in batches you're comfortable storing. This plan will help you prevent the hassle and additional costs of retesting and the risk of using a defective product. You deserve to use a quality solvent.
How is Isopropyl Alcohol Made?
Solvent companies make IPA by hydration of propene (a product of steaming and heating propane). Those manufacturers then distill the end product to create various strengths. This process is like the way beer distilleries make their alcoholic beverages.
Will Isopropyl Alcohol Damage My Screen and Device Parts?
IPA might damage some electronic components. For example, the solvent degrades the anti-glare coating on your display, glued parts, and the speakers' plastic. Consult your device manufacturer for further advice on the components you shouldn't handle with IPA.
How Do I Prevent Fires When Cleaning Electronics with IPA?
Avoid creating a spark on your device when using isopropyl alcohol. You reduce this risk by removing your battery and unplugging your phone or laptop from the power source. But watch out for gadgets with large capacitors that store charge even after disconnection.
What is the pH of Isopropyl Alcohol?
Solvent grade isopropyl alcohol has a pH of around eight, while molecular grade IPA is neutral. And you can neutralize your solvent-grade IPA by adding 10 UL of HCL per 60 ml of isopropyl alcohol. Neutralization is essential when handling cell culture assays.
What are the Effects of Consuming Isopropyl Alcohol?
You should never consume this substance. Isopropyl alcohol is a toxic solvent that causes CNS effects such as headaches and dizziness. You also risk gastrointestinal damage, which induces nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting blood.